French Lemon Madeleines

French Lemon Madeleines

One of the most glorious treats you can offer guests is the humble madeleine. Okay, maybe humble is the wrong word to use, as these generally beloved little cakes are not the easiest thing to make. However, they really aren’t all that difficult either (compared to something uber-fancy like an entremet), provided you have a stand mixer to do the majority of heavy lifting. There are a variety of ways to flavor French madeleines but I opt for a simple lemon flavor when making mine.

Is A Madeleine A Cake Or A Cookie?

a single French Lemon Madeleine cake

So a popular question that is always asked when discussing madeleines is “Are these delicious little treats a cake or a cookie?” And the truth is that traditional French madeleines are cakes. Now I’m not trying to ruffle any feathers here, but just looking at the recipe tells you everything you need to know. Fancy appearance aside, these cakes are just a simple genoise, or French butter cake recipe.

How To Make French Lemon Madeleines

silicone madeleine cake mold

The one necessary tool you’ll need to make madeleines is a madeleine baking tray. Now, traditionally these are cast or formed metal, which is great for making deep ridges on the surface. However the negative with those is that oftentimes the little cakes like to get stuck. As removing them whole is quite important to the presentation of this recipe, I opt for a silicon baking tray with a madeleine mold.

whisking sugar and eggs for the madeleine batter

The first thing you can do is beat two large room temperature eggs with 100 grams of sugar. White granulated sugar works just fine. I prefer to use my stand mixer, but you can use an electric hand mixer as well. Either way it will take you about 10 minutes of whisking on high speed to get the right consistency. You are looking for a pale yellow color and ribbons falling from the whisk as you take it out. Right before you turn off the mixer add in about a teaspoon of lemon zest (I use two because I really love the lemon flavor).

melted butter and flour

While the stand mixer is doing its thing you can prepare the other ingredients. You’ll need 100 grams of butter, melted, and 100 grams of flour, sifted. To the flour whisk in a third of a teaspoon of baking powder and a pinch of salt. If you are a traditional French madeleine historian you may know that baking powder is not seen in the earliest recipes, but I do find it makes these cakes even more light and airy. If you’re a F·R·I·E·N·D·S fan you may recognize the following conversation:

Ross: Did Rachel tell you we hired a male nanny?
Monica: Yeah, I think that’s great.
Ross: Did she tell you he plays the recorder, recites poetry and bakes madeleines?
Monica: Oh. How are they?
Ross: Lighter than air, but that’s not the point.

-Ross, The One With The Male Nanny (
Folding together the French Lemon Madeleine batter

After the eggs reach the desired color and consistency, carefully add your flour. Use a rubber spatula to slowly fold it in, trying to be gentle so we don’t lose too many air bubbles. Once the flour is in, pour in the melted butter and fold that in as well until the mixture is just homogeneous.

French Lemon Madeleines with plastic wrap

Place the batter into a bowl and cover with plastic wrap. Place the bowl into the fridge for 20 minutes to firm up the batter. You do want to be careful not to leave the batter in the fridge too long or the butter will re-solidify and the cakes won’t bake properly. I find 20 minutes in my fridge to be perfect, but you may need to adjust for your own device (that just means you get to bake and eat more delicious madeleines)!

French Lemon Madeleines right out of the fridge

A few minutes before pulling the batter from the fridge, preheat your oven to 175 Celsius or 350 Fahrenheit. You will notice that after the batter has had time to tighten up, it’s almost like a spongy mousse. This is perfect because it means the cakes will still be extremely light.

buttering the baking tray

Use a tablespoon or two of melted butter and brush your madeleine pan thoroughly. If you like your madeleines to have nice crisp edges like I do then use a healthy amount of butter, otherwise just do a very light brushing so they do not stick.

putting the madeleine batter into the molds to bake

Add about a tablespoon of batter to the molds. As you can see in the picture above my “about a tablespoon” varies wildly. It’s not too big of a deal, if you did it right you’ll just end up with a huge hump.

French madeleine hump

Speaking of humps, it is the second signature of a proper cake other than the scallop shell appearance of the front. As these French lemon madeleines bake they will rise and rise until a hump forms in the center. This is good and something you should want to happen. Bake your madeleines in the oven for around 12 minutes, or a little less if you don’t like crisp edges.

dust the cakes with powdered sugar

After pulling these lemon madeleines from the oven let them rest in the pan on the counter for about a minute, then pop them out or invert your pan onto a wire rack (or cutting board if you’re disorganized like me) to cool. However, this cooling step is really optional as I find madeleines to be the best right out of the oven when they are nice and hot. Just give them a dusting of powdered sugar and go to town like the animal you are.

French Lemon Madeleines
Saffron Risotto With Duck Breast

Saffron Risotto With Duck Breast

A rich and creamy dish, this saffron risotto with duck breast is a perfect recipe for entertaining guests.
5 from 1 vote
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Course: Dinner, Lunch, Main Course, Main Dish
Cuisine: European, Italian
Keyword: Duck, Poultry, Rice
Prep Time: 10 minutes
Cook Time: 30 minutes
Total Time: 40 minutes
Servings: 4 people
Calories: 571kcal
Cost: $10


  • Oven-proof pan
  • Wide bottom pan
  • Knife
  • Wooden Spoon


  • 2 Duck Breasts
  • 1 cup Rice arborio or other risotto rice
  • 1 pinch Saffron a little goes a long way, 15-20 strands is more than enough.
  • 1 large Shallot finely diced
  • 1/2 cup Vermouth or other fortified wine
  • 6 cups Duck Stock Chicken Stock is also acceptable
  • 1 tbsp Olive Oil
  • 1/4 cup Pecorino Romano grated, to taste
  • 2 tbsp Butter can sub 1 tbsp for a tbsp of rendered duck fat from the pan.
  • Salt to season the breasts, and the risotto if not using seasoned stock
  • Black Pepper optional, freshly cracked


  • Preheat your oven to 180 Celsius
  • In the large pan add a bit of oil and turn onto medium high heat. Add the rice and toast for a minute, then turn up the heat and add the vermouth and shallot. Stir until the alcohol is almost completely gone. Then start adding duck stock a quarter cup at a time while stirring. After the second quarter cup of stock sprinkle in the saffron.
  • While the rice is being cooked you can start on the duck breasts. Take your meat and sprinkle generously with salt on both sides. Place the breasts skin side down in a cold pan. Turn the heat on the lowest setting and then slowly raise it to max over about 10 minutes.
  • When the duck skin is golden brown, flip the breast to cook the other side for about 30 seconds, then pop the whole pan in the oven for 6 minutes. Remove, and place the breasts on a cutting board while finishing up the rice. Cover with a sheet of foil if needed to keep warm.
  • When you add the last quarter cup of stock to the rice turn off the heat. Add the butter and cheese and stir until the final dish is rich and creamy. Place evenly into four shallow bowls. Thinly slice your duck breast skin side down (it's easier this way) and add half a breast to each dish. Serve, and enjoy!


Ignore the sodium content in the nutrition field. If you make your own stock then you can determine how much salt to add.


Calories: 571kcal | Carbohydrates: 52g | Protein: 37g | Fat: 20g | Saturated Fat: 8g | Trans Fat: 1g | Cholesterol: 119mg | Sodium: 707mg | Potassium: 762mg | Fiber: 1g | Sugar: 6g | Vitamin A: 272IU | Vitamin C: 8mg | Calcium: 98mg | Iron: 6mg
Did you make this?Mention @CookingToEntertain or tag #cookingtoentertain and let me know how it was!

French Lemon Madeleines

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